why do babysitters make more than teachers

2 hours ago on 09/02/14 at 12:18am


Venice by Night Attributed to Ippolito Caffi(Italian, 1809 - 1866)

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Female Sumerian statue found at the Abu Temple in Tell Asmar from c. 2700 BCE

ancient mdma O.O

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Radio and television broadcasting may be only a brief passing phase in our technological development. When we imagine alien civilizations broadcasting signals with radio telescopes, are we any different from earlier generations who imagined riding cannon shells to the moon? Civilizations even slightly more advanced than ours may have already moved on to some other mode of communication, one that we have yet to discover or even imagine. Their messages could be swirling all around us at this very moment, but we lack the means to perceive them just as all of our ancestors, up to a little more than a century ago, would have been oblivious to the most urgent radio signal from another world. 

But there’s another more troubling possibility: Civilizations, like other living things, may only live so long before perishing due to natural causes, or violence, or self-inflicted wounds. Whether or not we ever make contact with intelligent alien life may depend on a critical question: What is the life expectancy of a civilization?

- Episode 11: The Immortals, Cosmos: A SpaceTime Odyssey

Recommended reading:


Everything you need to know about this book can be found in this wonderfully thorough review by Astrobiology Magazine from 2003.


I plan on doing a full writeup/review about this book; however, I can tell you it’s one of the best Carl’s ever written and is still heavily referenced by scientists across multiple fields regarding the search for extraterrestrial life, be it intelligent or otherwise. A review on the book and the study of astrobiology itself can be via a PDF by Charley Lineweaver of the Planetary Science Institute at the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Research School of Earth Sciences.

The most fascinating aspect of this book is that it was originally written by I.S. Shklovskii in Russian, re-translated into English, whereby Carl adds his scientific “two-cents”, expanding on subjects and explaining further in a way only Carl, himself, can. For instance, the last paragraph in Chapter 31: Interstellar contact by automatic probe vehicles:

At this point in the Russian edition of the present work, Shklovskii expresses his belief that civilizations are not inevitably doomed to self-destruction, despite his description of contemporary Western literature as filled with details of atomic holocaust. He expresses his belief that as long as capitalism exists on Earth, a violent end to intelligent life on the planet is probable. There is reason to assume, he asserts, that future peaceful societies will be constructed on the basis of Communism. I am able to imagine alternative scenarios for the future. No one today lives in a society which closely resembles Adam Smith capitalism or Karl Marx communism. The political dichotomies of the twentieth century may seem to our remote descendants no more exhaustive of the range of possibilities for the entire future of mankind than do, for us, the alternatives of the European religious wars of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. As Shklovskii says, the forces of peace in the world are great. Mankind is not likely to destroy itself. There is too much left to do.

Also recommended:


SETI Scientist Jill Tarter provided a beautiful TED Talk about this subject, and in this interview with NOVA, she speaks on being the inspiration for Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan’s book/film ‘Contact’ whereby Jodie Foster portrays Dr. Tarter.


Seth Shostak, Senior Astronomer for SETI, presented an enriching TED Talk about why he’s convinced we’re closer than ever in detecting, contacting, or receiving signals from ETI; and recently, had a Q&A conversation with Science 2.0 appropriately titled “Why I Believe We’ll Find Aliens.”


…stay curious.

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#aliems  #et  

these past couple days have been amazing, emotionally speaking. a lot of closure and healing, and i didn’t even initiate it. these things came to me. i’ve been walking more than 10k steps every day, and that combined with what’s been going on has really put me into a nice natural high. remember to stay grateful, swim in gratitude. 

i’m about to go camping, too! <3

2 days ago on 08/30/14 at 09:01am


Winterly Creek in Dusk, Ludwig Munthe. Norwegian (1841 - 1896)

3 days ago on 08/29/14 at 01:49pm
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You are not clingy, or needy, or silly for having needs for affection and affirmation and attention within a romantic relationship. Those needs aren’t an embarrassing outgrowth of your low-self esteem or depression or whatever messy emotional issues you may have going on, that’s just basic shit that people need from each other. We of course should not make our partners responsible for meeting all of our emotional needs – it’s not someone’s else’s job to make you happy. But inside a healthy relationship, being able to show affection, pay attention, and demonstrate “you are amazing and important to me” is a pleasure, not some task or burden.

Jennifer Peepas

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3 days ago on 08/29/14 at 08:39am
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happy cat


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dance party

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4 days ago on 08/28/14 at 10:48am
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I’m one of those people who can’t interact with people I find super fuckin duper physically attractive. It’s okay. One day I won’t be afraid.

UGHHHHH story of my life. WHY?? can we discuss this?? i’ve been doing a lot of thinking and i think it’s because i become hyper-aware of the fact that everything is a performance, i get SO self-conscious and am literally unable to be myself until i hate them. i’m able to get to a certain point with people i really like, but it’s not like i just go around fucking people, i go YEARS in between getting any physical love and “skin thirst” is a real thing; and i have so much, SO MUCH love to give that it pours out all over the first person who lets me, and it’s too much, too much, i constantly worry about drowning them and my constant worry destroys my personality

13,000 steps today :)

5 days ago on 08/27/14 at 10:38pm

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5 days ago on 08/27/14 at 10:29pm

I know it feels like you have all these options and when you make a decision, you lose a world of possibilities. But the reality is, until you make a decision, you have nothing at all.

Janet Finch

Shyness has a strange element of narcissism, a belief that how we look, how we perform, is truly important to other people.

Andre Dubus

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i hate when ppl make fun of me for trying 2 be positive and spread good vibes like fuck your bitter ass i spent a good portion of my short life being bitter and angry and suicidal if i wanna shoot sunshine out of my ass then i fuckin will 

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